Abraham ?ayyim ben Gedaliah

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ABRAHAM ?AYYIM BEN GEDALIAH (1750–1816), Galician rabbi. Abraham studied under his father Gedaliah b. Benjamin Wolf, who was av bet din in Zloczow. He was a disciple of *Dov Baer the "Maggid of Mezhirech," *Jacob Joseph of Polonnoye, and *Jehiel Michel of Zloczow. He was also a pupil of the two brothers: Samuel Shmelka Horowitz of Nikolsburg and Phinehas Levi Horowitz, his first father-in-law. When Issachar Baer (his father-in-law by his second marriage) immigrated to Ere? Israel, Abraham ?ayyim succeeded him as av bet din of Zloczow. He was a brilliant exegete and facile writer, possessed of an easy, graceful style, and is referred to as a "learned exponent of ?asidic thought." His Ora? ?ayyim (Zolkiew, 1817) on the Bible is a treasury of thoughts and sayings of the ?asidic rabbis. It was published posthumously by his stepson, Joseph Azriel b. ?ayyim Aryeh Leibush, with an introduction by Ephraim Zalman Margolioth, who praises his piety and charity and gives biographical details. Abraham ?ayyim wrote a commentary on Pirkei Avot, Peri ?ayyim (1873), and a commentary on the Haggadah, under the same name (1873).


A. Walden, Shem ha-Gedolim he-?adash, 2 (1864), 4a, no. 73; S. Buber, Kiryah Nisgavah (1903), 20–21, s.v. Gedaliah; Y. Raphael, Sefer ha-?asidut (1947), 67.

[Mordecai Ben-Yehezkiel]

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Abraham ?ayyim ben Gedaliah

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