Abraham of Saragossa

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ABRAHAM OF SARAGOSSA (early ninth century), merchant in Muslim Spain who traded mostly with the Franks and eventually settled in the Frankish kingdom. There he received (around 835) a privilegium from Louis the Pious, one of the three extant privileges granted to Jewish merchants by a Carolingian monarch. It became the standard for succeeding privileges, including the following aspects: court oaths and trial procedures, services and representation, right to trade, and imperial protection. According to this privilege, Abraham entrusted himself to the emperor in a manner similar to a royal vassal.


Roth, Dark Ages, index; Ashtor, Korot, 1 (19662), 188; Baron, Social2, 4 (1957), 48–50; mgh, Formulae Merowingici et Karolini Aevi (1882), 325, no. 52.

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Abraham of Saragossa

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